The National Institutes of Health (NIH) describes aphasia as a disorder caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control language. It can make it hard to read, write, and speak coherently. It is most common in adults who have had a stroke. Brain tumors, infections, injuries, and dementia can also cause it. The type of problem and how bad it is depends on which part of the brain is damaged and how much damage there is. There are four main types: Expressive aphasia ; Receptive aphasia; Anomic aphasia; Global aphasia.
Learn more information about aphasia and its different types from these online resources:
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
National Aphasia Association
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
What can you do if you or someone you know is affected by aphasia?
Aphasia may occur suddenly or develop progressively and proper diagnosis usually requires examination by a neurologist. In cases of mild brain damage, recovery may occur without treatment but most instances require extensive speech and language therapy.
Use this locator to find a local audiologist or speech-language pathologist certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA).
Here are some tips about socializing with aphasia and here is some advice for family members of those affected by
Find a local aphasia support group here.
If you are experiencing a crisis please call 911 or one of the numbers listed below, or go to the emergency department at the nearest hospital.
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 800-273-8255
National Hopeline Network 800-784-2433
The above information was compiled for Box of Stars by the Thomas Scattergood Behavioral Health Foundation (TSBHF). The resources listed are not those of TSBHF. The provided information should not replace seeking medical attention.